- Founded 18 July 1912
- Dissolved November 1912
During the early twentieth century the inhabitants of Icaria took advantage of the war in the Balkans and the declining power of the Ottoman Empire to declare the Free State of Icaria (Ελευθέρα Πολιτεία Ικαρίας, Elefthéra Politía Ikarías) on 18th July 1912. The neighbouring islands of Fournoi Korseon were also liberated and became part of the Free State. Ioannis Malahias (Ιωάννης Μαλαχίας) was the first and only president of the Free State of Icaria. The country enjoyed its freedom for five months until it was annexed by the Kingdom of Greece.