- Unrecognized states
- Independence declared on 15 November 1983
- Capital North Nicosia
- Population 313,626
- President Mustafa Akıncı
- Area 3,355 km²
The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti), is a de facto state that comprises the northeastern portion of the island of Cyprus. It unilaterally declared independence in 1983, and is recognized only by Turkey. A buffer zone under the control of the United Nations stretches between Northern Cyprus and the rest of the island and divides Nicosia, the island's largest city and capital. Attempts to reach a solution to the Cyprus dispute have been unsuccessful. The Turkish Army maintains a large force in Northern Cyprus.
How Maps Explain the Eastern Mediterranean Gas Crisis
FT energy editor David Sheppard uses maps of the eastern Mediterranean to explain why there is such interest in gas deposits. The Turkish exploration vessels searching for them are not using conventional drilling platforms while the possible hydrocarbon bounty has become a catalyst bringing long-running tensions back to the surface in the region.
Soldiers in the Courtyard
Right through the center of the Cypriotic capital Nicosia runs a wall composed of ruins, fences and sandbags. The streets within the bufferzone between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots have been deserted already for thirty years. ‘Even the mailman didn’t dare to come here.’ (Article in Dutch)
United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus
After 1974, most of Cyprus’s Greek and Turkish Cypriots have lived separately in northern and southern regions of the island that are currently divided by a UN-controlled Buffer Zone. UNFICYP keeps permanent watch over the Buffer Zone with patrols in vehicles, on foot, on bicycles and by helicopter.