• Unrecognized states
  • Independence declared 1991
  • President Samvel Shahramanyan
  • Capital Stepanakert
  • Inhabitants 120,000
  • Area 4,400 km²

Nagorno-Karabakh is a mountainous and forested region in the South Caucasus. Internationally, it is recognized as part of Azerbaijan, but it is governed by an Armenian de facto government which declared independence in 1991. A war was fought from 1991-1994 and again in 2020, resulting in a major shift in the control of the territories. Since then, 2,000 Russian soldiers have been deployed as peacekeeping forces along the Lachin corridor connecting Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. The blockade of this corridor that was launched in December 2022 has led to a humanitarian crisis for the population that remained in the area after the war. Nagorno-Karabakh is recognized by Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Transnistria.